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The Colonial Mentality Project

Principal Investigator


Curriculum Vitae

The Book

Dr. E. J. R. David in the News

Research Assistant

What is Colonial Mentality

Mental Health Implications of Colonial Mentality

Personal Stories of Colonial Mentality

The Colonial Mentality Scale

E.J. David's Pilipino Word of the Day Series

The Colonial Mentality Project
The Psychological Study of Colonial Mentality or Internalized Oppression Among Filipino Americans and other Marginalized Groups


Filipino -/ American Postcolonial Psychology


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AUTHOR: E. J. R. David, Ph.D.

FOREWORD: Sumie Okazaki, Ph.D.

AFTERWORD: Kevin L. Nadal, Ph.D.

Nilda Rimonte
Andrew Philip Paves
Leny Mendoza Strobel
Aqpayuk James LaBelle, Sr.
Martin Manalansan, III

(now a collector's item)


Oppression. Colonial Mentality, and Decolonization


AUTHOR: E. J. R. David, Ph.D.

FOREWORD: Sumie Okazaki, Ph.D.

AFTERWORD: Kevin L. Nadal, Ph.D.



�Simply put, Dr. David�s work is an act of psychological liberation. Through his command of the research, his skillful integration of both history and psychology, and his self-evident passion, he challenges Filipinos and Filipino Americans to look in the mirror and examine the psychological impact of Spanish and American colonialism. More importantly, his work is also an act of hope�hope that rests with the invitation to decolonize ourselves and our communities and to see ourselves and our histories with both clarity and pride. Frankly, it�s an invitation we should all be accepting.�
Alvin N. Alvarez, Ph.D., Professor of Counseling, San Francisco State University
Co-Editor of "Asian American Psychology: Current Perspectives"
Past President of the Asian American Psychological Association

�Dr. David�s work is passionate to the extent that it arouses many collective emotions � anger at the centuries of historical oppression of Filipinos, sorrow for the lives lost to suicides and depression, dismay at the insidious and long-lasting nature of the legacy of colonialism, and the urgency to right the course for the community�s psyche�When a scholar engages in a work that has the potential to really mean something to the community, as Dr. David has done and continues to do, there is an urgency to disseminate the work as widely and effectively as possible. And this book fully realizes that potential to make a difference in the Filipino -/ American community. The book also teaches us � Filipino or non-Filipino � the sheer importance of understanding the historical context for our contemporary psychological experiences.�
Sumie Okazaki, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Applied Psychology, New York University
Co-Editor of "Asian American Psychology: The Science of Lives in Context" and
"Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods"

�Filipino -/ American Postcolonial Psychology: Oppression, Colonial Mentality, and Decolonization�is an essential and innovative contribution to the literature�to have a comprehensive text concentrating on the impact of colonial mentality on Filipinos and Filipino Americans is invaluable. Dr. David should really be commended for being one of the most prominent and leading researchers in ethnic minority mental health and the primary psychological scholar on colonial mentality.�
Kevin L. Nadal, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology, City University of New York
Author of "Filipino American Psychology: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice"


There are over 92 million Filipinos in the Philippines, where the legacies of Western colonialism continue to exist and propagate the message that anything Filipino is inferior to anything American or Western. Thus, many Filipinos dream of immigrating to various Western countries, mostly to the United States. Today, Filipinos have the second highest yearly immigration rate into the United States and compose the second largest immigrant group in the country. Also, Filipinos in America number over 3 million, making them the second largest Asian American Paci􀂿 c Islander (AAPI) ethnic group in the country � and they are projected to be the largest AAPI group by 2010. Not surprisingly, there has been increased attention on the experiences of Filipinos and Filipino Americans as minorities and immigrants, as well as toward better understanding their identity, cultural values, and mental health.

However, given the conditions of postcolonial Philippines and the contemporary experiences of oppression by Filipinos in America, one cannot completely and accurately understand the minority, immigrant, and psychological experiences of this group outside the context of colonialism and contemporary oppression. Thus, this text focuses on the psychological effects of historical colonialism and contemporary oppression among Filipinos and Filipino Americans. It takes the reader from indigenous Tao culture, Spanish and American colonialism, colonial mentality or internalized oppression along with its implications on Kapwa, identity, and mental health, to decolonization in the clinical, community, and research settings.

This book is a multidisciplinary and empirical approach to Filipino and Filipino American psychology. It is intended for the entire community, teachers, researchers, students, and service providers interested in or who are working with Filipinos and Filipino Americans, or those who are interested in the psychological consequences of colonialism and oppression. This book may serve as a tool for remembering the past and as a tool for awakening to address the present.



Chapter 1 � The Tao: Pre-Colonial History

Chapter 2 � The Catholic Convent: Spanish Colonialism

Chapter 3 � Hollywood: United States Colonialism

Chapter 4 � Neocolonialism and Contemporary Oppression


Chapter 5 � Colonial Mentality: Psychological Impact of Colonialism

Chapter 6 � Automaticity of Colonial Mentality

Chapter 7 � �Walang Kapwa�: The Loss of Indigenous Values

Chapter 8 � Colonial Mentality and the Filipino -/ American Identity

Chapter 9 � Mental Health Implications of Colonial Mentality


Chapter 10 � Clinical Services for Colonial Mentality

Chapter 11 � Filipino -/ American Decolonization Experience (FADE): FADE-ing Away Our Colonial Mentality

Chapter 12 � Postcolonial Psychological Research


Please contact E. J. R. David at if you have any questions or comments